Since 1978, the Spanish Constitution has only been amended twice, both times because of external pressure from the European Union.
For instance, the PP is now shutting the door on reform citing a lack of consensus and a prevailing climate of uncertainty; yet in 2006, five years before being elected prime minister, Mariano Rajoy suggested up to 14 amendments to Spain's magna carta, many.
All main proposals for constitutional reform were also campaign promises".Catalans the most enthusiastic, eL PAÍS, on December 6, 1978 Spain held a referendum on the constitutional text just approved by both houses.While Andalusia and Catalonia registered support of over 90 percent for the new Constitution, in the Basque Country adherents only represented 75 percent.The amendment proposal that made the most headway was put forward by former Socialist Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, who suggested the inclusion of a reference to Europe, introducing the names of Spain's autonomous regions, eliminating the preference for male heirs to the throne.Only Spaniards who are over 55 voted for the current Constitution.You can help Visit the recommendation page and let your friends know about WOT!UPyD also wants to guarantee an effective separation of powers to have a truly independent judiciary.But enthusiasm was not the same across the regions.Now, the Center for Political and Constitutional Studies has published a book co-written by 15 experts on constitutional affairs and coordinated by Diego López Garrido, a Socialist deputy.
But ultimately these ideas ended up at the bottom of a drawer due to lack of consensus.
"The fact that the main proposals for constitutional reform were simultaneously campaign promises underscores that political forces have a way of viewing the Constitution that is not beneficial to our fundamental bill of rights, in that it is seen as a tool to achieve other.




UPyD holds that Spain needs to "initiate an open debate aimed at defining our country's model for the next 30 years." Apart from electoral reform, gratis chatten met jamaicaanse singles it, too, supports a shift towards a more federal gratis live sex mms structure in order to define which powers fall to the central.The new Catalan charter, for instance, was put to the popular vote on June 18, 2006.The leftist IU coalition does not have a clearly articulated proposal, but it champions reinforced rights to healthcare and housing, a federal republic as the ideal state model, and the elimination of Article 135 regarding budget stability.But since both main parties tend to resist change once in government, the Constitution still fails to mention the EU even though fundamental decisions emanate from there; it still contains anachronistic or "dead articles" that lack any meaning today, such as the items explaining how.The Andalusian Statute obtained.5 percent with a turnout.3 percent.None of the new statutes approved by regional governments in recent years ever achieved the kind of support that the Constitution did.Thanks to our active community, WOT today reached the significant milestone of downloads.Congress rules that any initiative for constitutional reform must emanate from "two parliamentary groups or a fifth of deputies (70 but in practice only the PP and psoe have enough of a majority to activate this procedure.In Madrid,.8 percent voted in favor.For its part, the psoe has gone from rejecting reforms under the Felipe González administration in the 1980s and 1990s to backing them when Zapatero was in the opposition - although once he made it to La Moncloa in 2004 he himself quashed most notions.
One of these amendments proposed raising to two-thirds the necessary majority to modify the regional charters; another sought to define a core set of non-transferable powers; and a third aimed to clarify the state's powers over essential issues to guarantee equality for all Spaniards.





And so we come to the latest proposal by the Socialists, in the opposition again since November 2011: party leader Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba wants to amend around 20 articles of the Constitution.

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