Bengtsson B (2003) Genetic variation in organisms with sexual and asexual reproduction.
Cambridge, MA: Bradford/MIT Press.
Cotton S (2009) Condition-dependent mutation rates and sexual selection.Smith JM, Smith NH, O'Rourke M, Spratt BG (1993) How clonal are bacteria?Bleuyard J-Y, Gallego ME, White CI (2006) Recent advances in understanding of the DNA double-strand break repair machinery of plants.First, 9799 of the de novo mutations leading to achondroplasia (the most common form of dwarfism) result from a G-to-A transition mutation at base pair 1138 (G1138A) in exon 10 of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 neuken voor de cam (fgfr3) (Shiang., 1994; Rousseau., 1996).Polyploidy is another source of genetic novelty that doesnt depend upon sex, although when it is passed on sexually it can create new organisms that are much more genetically unique, than after regular recombination alone (Niklas, 1997).
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A note on evolutionary plant population ecology.Wu BJ, Else PL, Storlien LH, Hulbert AJ (2001) Molecular activity of Na/K-ATPase from different sources is related to the packing of membrane lipids.This imprint is a death sentence that is written during spermatogenesis and executed after the sperm mitochondria encounter the eggs cytoplasmic destruction machinery (Sutovsky., 1999).Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102: 1551822.Good genes preferences should imply directional selection and mating skew among males, and thus reduced genetic diversity in the population.Following Haldanes (1947) discovery that most mutations in human hemophilia are male-derived, point mutations leading to LeschNyhan syndrome (Francke., 1976 hereditary retinoblastoma (Dryja., 1989; 1997; Zhu., 1989; Matsunaga., 1990; Kato MV., 1994; Munier.(2006) Characterization of the piRNA complex from rat testes.PLoS Biol 1: E67.PLoS One 2: e760.Crow JF, Kimura M (1965) Evolution in sexual and asexual populations.


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